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Recipe: Aunt Bellag’s Duff by The Hebridean Baker, Coinneach MacLeod

In his new book, the TikTok star shares this family recipe

Published: September 15, 2021

Clootie dumpling or duff as we say in Gaelic, is my favourite traditional recipe. And no one makes it better than my Aunt Bellag. She adds an extra ingredient, a tablespoon of marmalade – which I love. Its distinctive skin sets it apart from other fruit cakes. Serve this warm with custard, or the next morning fried in bacon fat as part of a Hebridean breakfast. It takes a bit more effort than a lot of my recipes, but it’s definitely worth it.


225g plain flour

1 teaspoon baking soda

1 teaspoon mixed spice

1 teaspoon cinnamon

Pinch of salt

175g sugar

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100g suet

100g sultanas

75g currants

75g raisins

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1 apple, grated

150ml buttermilk

1 egg, beaten

1 heaped tablespoon black treacle

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1 heaped tablespoon marmalade

Everything goes in a single bowl! Sieve your flour and add your baking soda, mixed spice, cinnamon and salt into a bowl and combine.

Add your sugar, suet, dried fruit and grated apple to the bowl and stir together.

Pour in your buttermilk, beaten egg, black treacle and marmalade. Combine together.

Place a piece of muslin cloth or a cotton dishtowel (the cloot) in boiling water, and once cool enough to touch, wring the cloth out. Place the cloth on your work surface and sprinkle liberally with flour.

Place the mixture into the centre of the cloot. Gather up the edges of the cloth and with a length of string tie it up (not too tightly), leaving some room for the dumpling to expand.

In a large pan of boiling water (deep enough to cover the dumpling), place a saucer upside down. Place the dumpling onto the saucer, cover with a lid and simmer for 3 hours. Don’t let the water evaporate; you may need to top it up.

Take out from the pan and carefully remove the cloot from the dumpling, trying not to take off any of the ‘skin’. In a warm kitchen, let it rest for 30 minutes before slicing.

The Hebridean Baker: Recipes and Wee Stories from the Scottish Islands, Black & White Publishing, £20, out September 16

Pics: Euan Anderson and The Hebridean Baker

Gaby Soutar is a lifestyle editor at The Scotsman. She has been reviewing restaurants for The Scotsman Magazine since 2007 and edits the weekly food pages.

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